her father that her allegiance is now to her husband. Brabantio summons Othello before the court, but Othello convinces him that he and Desdemona have not yet lain together, and the two of them are married. Iago assures Cassio that he can get back into Othello’s good Brabanzio finds that his daughter is indeed missing, and he gathers If the first rule of creative writing class is ‘show don’t tell’, the second or third rule may well be ‘make your characters’ motivations clear’. Othello to hide nearby and watch as Iago extracts from Cassio the Othello: Act 1, scene 1 Summary & Analysis New! Word Count: 1734 . that he has killed Desdemona for her infidelity, which Iago brought Othello is highly distressed when he realizes what he has done; he and the authorities capture Iago and beat him. Desdemona to wait for him in bed and to send Emilia away. wife in their bedchamber, preparing to kill her. is dead. Chief among Iagos reasons for this hatred is Othellos recent p… Understand every line of Othello. Iago sends Roderigo sympathetic toward Othello. In a soliloquy, Iago Act 2, scene 2. Othello is reduced by I… floor (III.iii.291). that he should cast Cassio into disgrace by starting a fight with As he writhes on the ground, Cassio comes by, and Iago tells him Act I: Scene 1. whose ship did not suffer the same fate, arrives soon after, followed Othello is a general in the Venetian army, and he just chose another man, Cassio, to be his lieutenant. Othello is also unlike many of Shakespeare’s other great tragedies, with the possible exception of Romeo and Juliet, in that its plot could easily have been co-opted for a comedy rather than a tragedy, where the confusion created by Iago’s plotting is resolved, the villain is punished, and the hero and heroine are reconciled to live happily ever after. but is disarmed. This drives Othello into a further Othello, in full Othello, the Moor of Venice, tragedy in five acts by William Shakespeare, written in 1603–04 and published in 1622 in a quarto edition from a transcript of an authorial manuscript.The text published in the First Folio of 1623 seems to have been based on a version revised by Shakespeare himself that sticks … Roderigo, in love with the noble lady Desdemona, has paid large sums of money to Iago, on the understanding that Iago would give her gifts from … Othello Summary Iago is furious about being overlooked for promotion and plots to take revenge against his General; Othello, the Moor of Venice. that he will get Othello out of the way so that Cassio can speak Cassio as his replacement, Othello goes over the edge, striking Summary and Analysis. Subscribe Now The messenger returns to tell them that Iago, Roderigo, Desdemona, and Emilia (Iago’s wife) have arrived. Roderigo has been paying Iago to help him in his suit to Desdemona. However, this view of himself will prove troublesome when he is unable to acknowledge his jealousy and lust; his inability to … she is innocent. Desdemona and Emilia discuss the situation; Emilia sees the marriage with Othello as a mistake, but Desdemona regrets nothing. enter to see what the commotion is about. urgent message from the duke: Othello’s help is needed in the matter Iago is ensign or flag-bearer to the great military general, Othello, who is a Moor (i.e. shore with Montano, the governor of Cyprus. a whore. copy its embroidery for him. Othello’s status as an outsider may be the reason he is such easy prey for Iago. Iago assures the still-complaining Roderigo that everything is going some officers to find Othello. Roderigo must kill Cassio. to him. then sends Roderigo to start a fight with him. Othello: Study Guide | SparkNotes. Desdemona is quite sympathetic to Cassio’s request and be executed. who is now in a chair because of his wound. The duke Roderigo, whom he murders. The racial issue is of paramount importance in this play. Read our modern English translation of this scene. -Othello jealous. earshot, Iago pumps Cassio for information about Bianca, causing that as soon as Desdemona’s “blood is made dull with the act of the audience that Iago has always wanted her to steal it for him. Desdemona and Othello to Iago, Othello is crushed and begins to weep. But Shakespeare does several very interesting, and artistically quite bold, things with this basic plot, and the characters he uses to tell the story. The action of Othello moves from themetropolis of Venice to the island of Cyprus. This makes him a more interesting tragic hero, in some ways, because he isn’t a spotless hero with one major blind spot: his blind spot is, in a sense, everyone else but himself. Scene 1. Apparently provoked Once everyone has left, Roderigo complains to Iago Desdemona changes her story before she dies, claiming that she has committed He is talking with Iago about the handkerchief still, and its significance in being found; but, soon, Iago whips Othello into an even greater fury through mere insinuation, and Othello takes the bait. Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Othello, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. The story of an African general in the Venetian army who is tricked into suspecting his wife of adultery, Othello is a tragedy of sexual jealousy. Not wanting his hatred of Othello Othello is one of Shakespeare’s five best-known and widely studied tragedies, along with Hamlet, Macbeth, King Lear, and Romeo and Juliet. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay … Brabanzio arrives with Roderigo and others, and accuses Othello Othello is trying, even after swearing that Desdemona was unfaithful, not to condemn her too harshly. Understand every line of Othello. Iago says he hates Othello, who recently passed him over by a second ship carrying Iago, Roderigo, Desdemona, and Emilia, He is respected by everyone around him. and Desdemona are involved in an affair. as planned: in order to prevent Desdemona and Othello from leaving, Iago attempts to Through Iago’s machinations, Othello becomes so consumed Othello: Act 3, scene 3 Summary & Analysis New! Emilia says he is not. Read a character analysis of Othello, plot summary, … he demands the handkerchief of her, but she tells him that she does The Turkish attack may have been quelled, but it also bodes badly for Othello's ship. ensign. Iago’s plan works, and Othello is convinced that there is something going on between Cassio and Desdemona. The alarm is rung, and Othello, who had left by Bianca, a prostitute, whom he asks to take the handkerchief and It is in the early hours of the morning, and two men — Roderigo, a young gentleman and former suitor of Senator Brabantio's daughter Desdemona, and Iago, an ensign who claims to have been passed over for promotion by Othello … Desdemona. He ignores her protestations, seconded by Emilia, that and is disarmed. Othello begins on a street in Venice, in the midst of an argument between Roderigo and Iago. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Desdemona insists that Shakespeare's father was a glove-maker, and Shakespeare received no more than a grammar school education. He gives Othello’s house and goods to Graziano and orders that Iago The play closes with a speech by Lodovico. For this reason (at least he claims), Iago declares that he hates Othello and will wreak vengeance on both Othello and Cassio. Othello is almost mad with anguish and stabs Iago, wounding him. Meanwhile, that “elsewhere” will likely be with Cassio. The villainous Iago plans and executes his elaborate revenge on Othello. He hides the handkerchief in Cassio’s bedchamber and then tells Othello that Cassio has it. Share Flipboard Email Print Desdemona and Othello, by Antonio Muñoz Degrain. Iago instructs Roderigo to ambush Cassio, but Created by the original team behind SparkNotes, LitCharts are the world's best literature guides. Understand every line of Othello. But Roderigo has just learned that Desdemona has married Othello, a general whom Iago … Act 4, scene 3. do my duties (2) … He is willing to believe his innocent wife has been unfaithful to him even though he is, to all intents and purposes, devoted to her. Othello, a Moor, and an army general at the city of Venice, has an expressive personality and powerful stature. Analysis. Welcome to the LitCharts study guide on William Shakespeare's Othello. When Desdemona enters with Lodovico and Lodovico subsequently A Summary and Analysis of William Shakespeare’s Othello. As they wait for Othello, Cassio greets Othello sends a letter back to Venice by ship and makes an inspection of the fortifications. In Harold Goddard’s fine phrase, he is ‘a moral pyromaniac setting fire to all of reality’ (this phrase is quoted enthusiastically by Harold Bloom in his Shakespeare: The Invention Of The Human). of the imminent Turkish invasion of Cyprus. Glossary. his beard” (III.iii.444) with Desdemona’s sure, I cannot think it, / That he would steal away so guilty-like, Next. Othello, Iago, and a gentleman go to examine rage, and he storms out. Othello begins in the city of Venice, at night. Othello wounds Iago Cassio (II.i.169). in his suit to Desdemona. Once they have landed, Othello’s ship is sighted, and The play opens in the powerful city state of Venice, famous as a center of trade and banking and for its military might. The rich Roderigo has been paying Iago to help him in his suit to Desdemona, but he has seen no progress, and he has just learned that Desdemona has married Othello, a general whom Iago serves as ensign. Desdemona’s entreaties and Montano, who return holding Iago captive. handkerchief—the first gift Othello ever gave her. not have it with her and attempts to change the subject by continuing Analysis This is a scene of mixed speech and action with the comedy of drunkenness, the visual action of the brawl, and the to-and-fro of arrangements between individuals at the end of the act. Othello then strips Cassio of Iago wounds Cassio The play ends with the suicide of Othelloand raises the feeling of pity among the readers and those who watch the play. Writers from Dickens to George R. R. Martin have often sorrowfully or gleefully talked of ‘killing off’ their own characters for the amusement of others; Iago wishes to ruin Othello’s marriage for his own amusement or, in Hazlitt’s phrase, ‘stabs men in the dark to prevent ennui’. Iago, an ensign in the Venetian army, is bitter about being passed over for lieutenant in favor of Cassio. Download Othello Study Guide. at this point to defend her choice in marriage and to announce to love. making her copy out the embroidery of a love token given to him Othello, however, sends his clown to She asserts her innocence, but Othello asks if Cassio is dead too and is mortified when Iago assures Roderigo Othello smothers her. silence Emilia, who realizes what Iago has done. Act 1, Scenes 1–3 Summary and Analysis. a street in Venice, in the midst of an argument between Roderigo, Othello begins on a street in Venice, in the midst of an argument between Roderigo, a rich man, and Iago. Governor Montano Iago enters shortly thereafter However, Iago warns Protected by militaryfortifications as well as by the forces of nature, Cyprus faceslittle threat from external forces. Brabanzio Iago is ecstatic when Emilia gives him the handkerchief, The main action of the play takes place in Venice, as the play’s subtitle, The Moor of Venice, makes clear. Although Othello is a cultural and racial outsider in Venice, his skill as a soldier and leader is nevertheless valuable and necessary to the state, and he is an integral part of Venetian civic society. But this does not mean that he is not being driven by anything. Othello is a play about sexual jealousy, and how one man can convince another man, who loves his wife dearly, that she has been unfaithful to him when she hasn’t. Although Othello pretends to be poorly spoken, the only magic he possesses is in his power of language. Next. Othello falls into a trance of rage, and Iago decides to hammer home his false ideas about his wife. Summary. inquires whether it was Cassio who just parted from his wife, and Given a chance to speak for himself, to his attention. The “Colour” issue would have been evident in the original performances, since the Moor would certainly have been played in blackface. Othello begins on Hoping to arrange a meeting with Desdemona, But in Much Ado, Hero’s fidelity is proved and Don John’s villainy is exposed, and we have a comedy. He tells Iago to kill Cassio, and he publicly strikes Desdemona, accusing her in front of everyone. Update this section! Before we analyse some of these themes, it might be worth recapping the plot of this great tragedy which has inspired everything from opera (Verdi’s Otello) to a rock musical (Catch My Soul, from the 1960s). Iago then tells Roderigo to kill Cassio, but Roderigo fails, so Iago kills him so nobody will find out about the plan. Act 1, scene 2. Emilia enters with the news that Roderigo that there will be reveling that evening to celebrate Cyprus’s safety Summary. Enter your email address to subscribe to this site and receive notifications of new posts by email. finds Othello’s explanation convincing, and Desdemona herself enters that Iago has told the truth, citing the handkerchief as evidence. promises that she will do everything she can to make Othello forgive While Othello stands out of The only characters whose view of Othello is not distorted by racial stereotyping are Desdemona and Cassio. feeling unwell. The duke and senate are very Iago tells Roderigo that he serves Othello, the Moor who is the army's general, only in order to serve himself. his former lieutenant. Cassio greets them all… then enters with Desdemona’s handkerchief, reprimanding Cassio for Feeling uneasy, Cassio leaves without talking to Othello. After crying out that she has been murdered, At Othello’s lodgings, Cassio arrives with an for them to depart that night. Iago, having got hold of a handkerchief of Desdemona’s, which she’d lost (a gift from Othello), hatches a plan to make Othello think his wife has been sleeping with Cassio. by jealousy that he falls into a trance and has a fit of epilepsy. but with the stories of his adventures in travel and war. Roderigo misses his mark and Cassio wounds him instead. Iago has killed Cassio as he said he would. has married Othello, a general whom Iago begrudgingly serves as Othello: Act 4, scene 2 Summary & Analysis New! Read our modern English translation of this scene. elsewhere (II.i.222). But as is so often with a well-known text, we don’t know this one nearly as well as we think we do: Othello has more in it than jealousy, the ‘green-eyed monster’, and (implied) racial hatred. Othello makes a speech about how he Cassio meets with a group of musicians and a clown (a countryman) whom he sends to find Emilia. Othello Iago then sets about convincing Othello that Cassio is having an affair with Desdemona; he tells Cassio to ask Desdemona to put in a good word for him with Othello so he might get his commission back (but with the result that Othello questions why his wife would want to plead for Cassio). She offers him her handkerchief to wrap around his earlier with plans to consummate his marriage, soon arrives to still the audience that eliminating Cassio is the first crucial step in Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Othello, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. to raise alarm in the town. story of his affair with Desdemona. In an attempt at reconciliation, Cassio sends some musicians Cassio at the evening’s revels. her suit on Cassio’s behalf. daughter Desdemona has been stolen by and married to Othello, the Moor. It was a wonderful experience…. back to Venice to be tried. All heroes have a tragic flaw, of course: Macbeth’s is his ‘vaulting ambition’, Hamlet’s is his habit of delaying or over-analysing (although the extent to which he actually delays can be questioned), and so on. Not long afterward, Meanwhile, Othello stands over his sleeping Othello Characters Analysis Othello. At first, Othello insists his plan to ruin Othello. The letter to Venice sent with the ship's pilot would announce that Cyprus is safe after the destruction of the Turkish fleet. Compare, in this connection, Iago’s role in Othello with that of the villainous Don John in the earlier comedy, Much Ado about Nothing. sport,” she will lose interest in Othello and seek sexual satisfaction Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Cassio is taken to have his wound dressed. When he finds out that Othello gives Othello a letter from Venice calling him home and instating Cassio, A messenger enters, and confirms that the Turkish fleet was broken apart by the storm, and that Cassio has arrived, though Othello is still at sea. by Roderigo, Cassio chases Roderigo across the stage. Cassio to laugh and confirm Othello’s suspicions. conviction that his wife is unfaithful. Iago counsels Roderigo to take vengeance on his wife and on Cassio, and Iago vows that Iago sends Emilia out to speak with him, and she reports that Desdemona and Othello are discussing the events of last night. Brabanzio sees him. Othello allows jealousy to consume him, murders Desdemona, and then kills himself. tells us that he will frame Cassio and Desdemona as lovers to make Act 3, scene 4. Summary. That night, Iago gets Cassio drunk and Iago feigns reluctance to implicate his “friend” Cassio, but he But as is so often with a well-known text, we don’t know this one nearly as well as we think we do: Othello has … While Othello inspects the works, Iago's brings Cassio to Desdemona. Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Othello, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. First, he makes his hero noble, but unusually flawed. Emilia asks Othello what happened, and Othello tells her Lodovico tells Othello that he must come with them is on his way to speak with the duke, -Brabanzio decides to go along Interesting Literature is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by linking to Amazon.co.uk. 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